Acne Skin Care, Pimples, Quick Reference Guide, Skin Care Tips and Trends, Skin Concern, Skin Types

Quick Reference Guide for Acne Sufferers

Need A ‘To The Point’ Acne Guideline?

Check Out Our Helpful & Quick Reference Guide for Acne Sufferers

This is SkinMiles’ and Dr Alek Nikolic’s quick guide for anyone who suffers from acne or pimples. Get educated or directed in how to treat acne, some clever at home guidelines, find out what acne and pimples are and their causes, and what acne skin care products are recommended by Dr Alek Nikolic.

What Are Pimples, Breakouts and Acne?

Very simply put acne (or pimples) is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged or blocked with oil and dead skin cells. It is most common among teenagers, with a reported prevalence of 70% to 87% but acne is increasing among younger children and even with adults (25% of all adults are affected).

Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and scar the skin. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of lasting physical and emotional damage.


Acne Skin Guideline

Causes of acne

  1. Oil production: have oily skin read more here.
  2. Dead skin cells
  3. Clogged pores: read how to exfoliate your skin here.
  4. Bacteria

Acne comes in many forms:

  • Whiteheads – closed plugged pores
  • Blackheads – open plugged pores where the oil turns brown when exposed to air
  • Papules – small red, tender bumps
  • Pustules – pimples, which are papules with pus at their tips
  • Nodules – large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin
  • Cystic lesions – painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin

Recommended Treatment Guideline:

  1. Oil Free Sunscreen: to prevent further skin damage and collagen and elastin breakdown
  2. Anti-Oxidants: fight free radicle damage and improve the health of cells
  3. Oil Free Moisturiser: especially for dry skin sufferers
  4. Skin boosters: retinol is a super ingredient that dramatically reduces oil production and improves the health of skin cells
  5. Exfoliants and Cleansers: ensure they have Alphahydroxy (AHA), polyhydroxy acids (PHA) or salicylic acid (BHA) in them
  6. Chemical peels: containing glycolic or salicylic acid
  7. Prescribed Medication: antibiotics, oral contraceptive, hormone suppressants, and Roaccutane

Need More Info?

  1. Further Reading & Recommended In Depth Articles: 


  1. For More Skincare Advice:
  1. See Our Full Treatment Product List For Acne: please click here
  2. Dr Alek Nikolic’s Top Picks for Acne Skin:





About Dr Alek Nikolic

Dr Alek Nikolic was born in South Africa and received his MBBCh (Wits) in 1992 and in 2000 he received his MBA (UCT). He has been in private practice for 24 years and is the owner of Aesthetic Facial Enhancement, which has offices in Cape Town. Dr Nikolic specialises in aesthetic medicine and is at the forefront of the latest developments in his field. He is very driven and has lectured extensively and has performed live demonstrations throughout South Africa and Internationally including Bangkok, Rome, Paris, Monte Carlo, Prague, and Warsaw. Dr Nikolic’s focus is on skin care, skin ingredients and cosmetic dermatology treatments such as lasers, chemical peels, Botox, and Dermal Fillers. He has performed over 20 000 procedures to date and as such is responsible for training numerous medical practitioners both in South Africa and internationally. Dr Nikolic is one of the founding members of the South African Allergan Medical Aesthetic Academy and chaired its inaugural launch in 2012. The Allergan Academy provides essential training to keep up with the latest technology in aesthetics. Dr Nikolic holds the advisory position of Allergan Local Country Mentor in Facial Aesthetics and is the Allergan Advanced Botox and Dermal Filler Trainer. He is Vice President of the Aesthetic and Anti-Aging Medicine Society of South Africa (AAMSSA) and is an Associate Member of the American Society of Laser Medicine and Surgery (ASLMS).

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