Skin Care Tips and Trends, Skin Regimes

Skin Regime Quick Reference Table


Confused About What Products Do What?

Not sure how to put together a skin regime for your skin type or skin concern then read Dr Alek Nikolic’s helpful guide.

[quote author=”Dr Alek Nikolic”]“I often get asked what product should one be using or how do I know which products I need in my skin care regime. I have decided to give a quick breakdown in a table form to help everyone in deciding the best treatment regimens for themselves.”[/quote]


Skincare Product

Product Use? Why Should I Use It?

What Benefits Will I See?


(Twice daily A.M. & P.M.)

To remove makeup, excess oil and to prepare the skin for the rest of the skin care regime. Using bar soaps or just rinsing with water is not enough to clean your face. In fact doing so may be harmful to your skin. Skin feels clean and hydrated and ready for skincare products.


(Step 2)

Toners (and that is the good ones) help to smooth, soften, and calm skin. They also add vital hydrating and skin-repairing ingredients after cleansing. Toners can actually help to reduce redness and dry patches and even add to the hydration of skin. Daily use will give your skin what it needs to function in a younger, healthier way.


(Step 3)

It is important to remove the dead outer layer of skin correctly:
AHAs will exfoliate the surface of skin while BHA exfoliates the surface of skin and inside the pores so a great tool for oily or acne skin sufferers.
Exfoliating eliminates a build-up of thick dead skin, sebum and clogged pores which otherwise would cause clogged pores, uneven skin tone, dullness, and deeper looking wrinkles. Your skin will look radiant, smoother, and feel younger

Acne Treatment

(Step 4, if needed)

After using an AHA or BHA cleanser/exfoliant using benzoyl peroxide kills acne-causing bacteria and helps reduce inflammation. Numerous studies have demonstrated the benefits of benzoyl peroxide in the treatment of acne. Your acne will be reduced and even possibly eliminated.

Skin Lightening Treatment 

(Step 5 if you used Step 4 above for acne)

Topical treatments used daily or twice daily will over time reduce the appearance of brown marks and pigmentation. These products such as retinol and Vitamin C tend to prevent melanin production. It can take a good 10 to 16 weeks to see pigmentation improving from topical products.

Anti-Aging/Antiwrinkle Treatment Serum

(Step 3 or Step 4/5 depending on above) Applies twice daily A.M. & P.M.

Anti-Oxidants are a great way to reduce environmental ski cell damage. Anti-Oxidant serums help to reduce free radicle damage, increase collagen and elastin production, reduce redness ad even improve skin elasticity, reduce pigmentation and pore number and size. Simply put allows skin cells to behave young again. Expect a more glowing and radiant skin.


(Step 4 or Step 5/6 depending on above) Applied A.M.

To protect the skin from harmful UV damage. Specifically zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide reflect UV rays. Look for SPF 30 or higher. Sun damage is the biggest culprit when it comes to ageing our skins. Protection is a number one priority for further ageing of the skin. Prevention of future pigmentation, wrinkles, fine lines and rough textured skin.

Morning Anti-Aging/Antiwrinkle Moisturizer

(the last step)

Keeps skin cells hydrated and plump and protected against environmental changes. Very simply all skin types require moisture even oily skin. Plumper fuller skin with less fine lines and dry patches.

Evening Anti-Aging/Antiwrinkle Moisturizer

(the last step)

After cleansing skin needs essential ingredients to keep it moisturised through the night. Moisturisers keep the skin cells functioning normally and help to keep the sin smooth and supple. Wake up with a plumper looking skin eliminating dry patches and rough texture.

Targeted Treatments 

All products that have specific skin condition uses such as masques, oil control gels, pigmentation, and lip care. These products are added as an extra step to either:

hydrate skin, absorb excess oil, calm skin, etc.

Result is dependent on the skin concern and product used.


Need More Info?

  1. Further Reading & Recommended In Depth Articles:

  1. For More Skincare Advice:


About Dr Alek Nikolic

Dr Alek Nikolic was born in South Africa and received his MBBCh (Wits) in 1992 and in 2000 he received his MBA (UCT). He has been in private practice for 24 years and is the owner of Aesthetic Facial Enhancement, which has offices in Cape Town. Dr Nikolic specialises in aesthetic medicine and is at the forefront of the latest developments in his field. He is very driven and has lectured extensively and has performed live demonstrations throughout South Africa and Internationally including Bangkok, Rome, Paris, Monte Carlo, Prague, and Warsaw. Dr Nikolic’s focus is on skin care, skin ingredients and cosmetic dermatology treatments such as lasers, chemical peels, Botox, and Dermal Fillers. He has performed over 20 000 procedures to date and as such is responsible for training numerous medical practitioners both in South Africa and internationally. Dr Nikolic is one of the founding members of the South African Allergan Medical Aesthetic Academy and chaired its inaugural launch in 2012. The Allergan Academy provides essential training to keep up with the latest technology in aesthetics. Dr Nikolic holds the advisory position of Allergan Local Country Mentor in Facial Aesthetics and is the Allergan Advanced Botox and Dermal Filler Trainer. He is Vice President of the Aesthetic and Anti-Aging Medicine Society of South Africa (AAMSSA) and is an Associate Member of the American Society of Laser Medicine and Surgery (ASLMS).

Related Posts

One thought on “Skin Regime Quick Reference Table

  1. Kate says:

    This makes it all so quick and easy, will be following your advice!

Leave a Reply